What is the difference between the Regular and Foundation Registry Classifications?

ICAA follows the generally accepted genealogy method for generation identification.  The horse itself is not counted as a generation.  The horse's parents are the first generation, the grandparents are the second generation, the great-grandparents are the third generation, and so on.  


Regular Registry (#)
The horse’s sire and dam are both registered with ICAA, ApHC, ApHCC, and/or an ApHC reference registry approved by ICAA on a case by case basis.  However, there is an unregistered, unknown, or other breed showing up in the horse’s second generation.

A gelding or spayed mare showing all Appaloosa characteristics, including coat pattern, may also be registered in the Regular Registry, whether or not a pedigree is known.

Foundation Registry (F2 through F8)
The horse has a minimum of two generations of registered Appaloosa ancestors, beginning with its parents and grandparents, registered with ICAA, ApHC, ApHCC, and/or an ApHC reference registry approved by ICAA on a case by case basis.  The number of full generations of Appaloosas determines the F-ranking, starting with F2 (all parents and grandparents are registered Appaloosas).

​For information on how ICAA figures pedigree classification/rank, see Calculating Rank.

Can I register solid horses that have Appaloosa parents?

Horses that have tested lp/lp and/or show no Appaloosa coat pattern or Appaloosa characteristics are eligible for ICAA registration in the Non-Characteristic Division (N) if previous generations meet the Regular or Foundation classification explained below.  The Non-Characteristic Division Certificates of Registration will be stamped "Non-Characteristic - not eligible for race, show, or exhibition in ICAA shows and events unless solid classes are offered.”   

Other than pedigree, what are the requirements for ICAA registration?

The horse must have an Appaloosa coat pattern easily recognized from 15 feet away, unless the horse tests positive for LP or is being registered in the Non-Characteristic Division.

The horse must have white sclera surrounding the iris of the eyes, mottled skin (most noticeable around the eyes, muzzle, sheath/udder, and under the tail), and Appaloosa striped hooves on legs with no white markings, unless the horse tests positive for LP or is being registered in the Non-Characteristic Division.

The horse must be at least 14 hands high, standing barefoot, at five years of age.

A horse is required to be DNA tested for certain genetic disorders, and mares and stallion are required to have DNA Typingon file with AGI.  For further information on genetic testing and/or requirements, see Genetic Testing under Registration.

What would make a horse ineligible for ICAA registration?

Horses showing albino, paint, pinto, pony or draft breeding.

Horses with misplaced white or roan markings (sometimes referred to as splashed white, savino or sabino), bald faces and/or stockings higher than the middle of the knee or hock.

Horses carrying the graygene; horses in question may be required to be DNA color tested.

Horses with unknownor unregisteredparent(s) except geldings and spayed mares expressing the Appaloosa coat pattern, mottled skin, striped hooves and white sclera.  

Deceased horses.

Parrot mouthhorses or horses with undershot jaws which have not been gelded or spayed.

Cryptorchids or monorchids which have not been gelded or spayed, or the offspring of such stallions.

Non-Characteristic stallions which do not qualify for third generation or higher classification of the Foundation Registry.  

​Horses with any genetic disorder ICAA deems to be detrimental to the Appaloosa breed.  A horse is required to be DNA tested for certain genetic disorders.  See Genetic Testing under Registration.

What registries are accepted as proof of pedigree?

ICAA recognizes Appaloosas registered with the following registries, as long as ICAA qualifying standards for the registry classification applied for are met:

  • Appaloosa Horse Club
  • Appaloosa Horse Club of Canada
  • An ApHC reference registry approved by ICAA on a case by case basis  

Does ICAA require a certain amount of ApHC F-horses in the pedigree to be eligible?

No.  While horses with a high percentage of ApHC F horses are welcomed into ICAA, ApHC F-horses are not required in the horse's pedigree.  ICAA is breeding forward with the good horses available today and striving for multiple generations of Appaloosa to Appaloosa breeding.

Are horses required to be registered with another registry prior to registry with ICAA?

No.  ICAA is a “stand-alone” registry, meaning that if a horse's sire and dam are already registered with ICAA, then no other registry is required, because the parent’s pedigrees have already been documented.  When a new horse is registered with ICAA that does not have the sire and dam already registered with ICAA, pedigree verification is required from another approved registry for accurate documentation. 

Why doesn't ICAA consider the ApHC F-horses as 100% Appaloosa?

They are not 100% Appaloosa.  The ApHC was founded in 1938 with “seed stock” of the type of horse they wanted to produce; these horses are called their foundation stock.  Although they are the foundation of the Appaloosa industry yet today, the ApHC F-horses were simply the horses that were there when records began being kept on breeding and resulting offspring.   Many of the ApHC F-horses came from an unknown sire and/or dam, or both their sire and dam were mixed with grade and others breeds.

​Some horses have a known sire and dam.  For example, Mansfield’s Comanche (ApHA F-3096) was sired by Dr Howard, a Thoroughbred, and his dam was Juanita (ApHC  T-21,700).  Mansfield’s Comanche was at least half Thoroughbred, so he can’t be 100% Appaloosa.  Then there is Peavy Bimbo (ApHC F-4557); his sire was Little Joe (AQHA P-430), and his dam was Chipeta (AQHA P-1250).  Another example is Joker B (ApHC F-678), sired by Red Dog (AQHA P-55), and out of Blue Vitrol, an unregistered, one-quarter appaloosa mare with a Quarter Horse sire and Old Fred as a maternal grandsire.  These are only a few of many examples.  The ApHC F-horses’ ability to pass on dominant Appaloosa genetics was proven through production.  

​We love these horses of the past and they are very important to the Appaloosa breed, but what were they?  What breeding is behind them?  In most cases, no one really knows.  It is even uncertain whether or not historic breeding documentation is accurate.  These horses are not 100% anything.  The percentage of F-numbered ApHC horses in a pedigree does not indicate purity.

It is for this specific reason ICAA chose to use the full-generation concept of eight generations with no out-crossing to reach official Purebred status recognized by science.  

What are ICAA's Foundation (F) horses?

All registries start with foundation stock, used to build from and go forward with.  The old ApHC F-horses were the ApHC's foundation stock used to start the ApHC registry. ICAA's foundation stock is the foundation stock of the future ICAA Purebred registry.  ICAA's foundation (F) horses are in no way associated with the ApHC's foundation (F) horses.   

With closed books, does ICAA risk having a gene pool that is too small to draw from in the future?

No.   ICAA is set up to always allow new Appaloosa blood into the Regular and Foundation registries.

What are the benefits of an ICAA Membership?

ICAA Members are like-minded individuals who believe in the preservation of the Appaloosa breed. Those breeders who strive for high-generation horses are promoted by ICAA when possible to acknowledge their hard work. In addition, members have access to the following:

  • Reduced registration fees
  • Reduced transfer fees, and other fees at reduced rates
  • Stallion reports filed free if filed by Dec 31st of the breeding year
  • ICAA Registered stallions can be advertised for free on the ICAA website
  •  Horses and Youths can be enrolled in the Open Show Point Program and/or the Trail  Logging Program 
  • ICAA horses for dale can be advertised for free on the ICAA website
  • Discounted genetic testing by Animal Genetics  

Does ICAA hold shows?

At this time, ICAA is not big enough to hold shows, but there are talks going on about holding a few in the future, possibly combined with other breed shows.  However, ICAA does have an Open Show Point Program (OSPP).  If an ICAA Appaloosa or Youth is enrolled in the OSPP, the horse may gain ICAA show points from showing in open shows and Appaloosa breed shows.  These points will become a part of the ICAA horse's permanent file.  High Point awards will be given. See the OSPP under Programs.

Are there other programs to get involved in besides the Open Show Point Program?

ICAA also offers the Trail Logging Program and Distance Riding Program for those who like to spend time in the saddle or driving their horses, as well as a Production Achievement Award System. See these under Programs.

If my horse is already registered with the ApHC, why should it be registered with ICAA?

The ApHC is a diverse registry embracing many types of Appaloosas.  ICAA is about a rare and elite concentration of Appaloosa blood and is dedicated to its promotion through multiple generations of Appaloosa horses only.  An ICAA registration speaks volumes to those who understand the breed and care about its future.  ICAA registration sets an Appaloosa apart from the crowd.  

​ICAA members are like-minded people who love the breed for many reasons.  The well-conformed ICAA Appaloosa is gentle, kind, and versatile, and able to go in any direction its owner chooses.  Some members collect points in breed and open shows for year-end ICAA awards.  Others find the ICAA Appaloosa especially useful in ranch and cattle work.  Our nature loving members enjoy the ICAA Appaloosa’s stamina and endurance on the trail. Other members prefer to just enjoy the view at home where their ICAA Appaloosas enrich their family.  An ICAA Appaloosa can perform any combination of these disciplines, and many others they are introduced to.  

ICAA members are known for their love and concern for their horses, and their desire to embrace genetic testing to assure their Appaloosas are free of genetic disease, as well as determine optimal crosses within the breed.  Through its partnership with Animal Genetics, ICAA members enjoy access to current science and discounted state-of-the-art testing.